It is really important to know and understand all the facts about HIV. This will help reduce any fears and worries, about living with HIV, or having HIV in your family.
What is HIV?
HIV is a virus, but unlike flu, it is a ‘blood-borne virus’, which means it can only live inside fluids within the body.
HIV stands for: Human Immunodeficiency Virus.
Human is the name of our species; 'human' is the name for a person.
Immunodeficiency is when our 'immune system' (the way our body fights off illness) stops working properly, so it becomes deficient- in other words, it is lacking or not functioning as it should be.
A Virus is a very small infectious unit that makes copies of itself, which can only exist inside the living cells of its host.
It is important to know that HIV is not the same thing as AIDS.
AIDS stands for Acquired Immune Deficiency Syndrome. Acquired means getting something that you didn’t have before- so you didn’t always have it. Syndrome means a group of different illnesses. Deficiency was mentioned above, when there is a lack of something. So AIDS means a group of illnesses you get when your immune system hasn’t been working properly for a long time.
Without medication, people with the HIV virus can become very ill because their immune system doesn't work properly and the HIV virus keeps multiplying and taking over the healthy cells. When medication is taken properly, doctors can help people with HIV stay well and lead normal lives. By taking medication and looking after yourself a person with HIV can stay well, live a normal life and may never get what is termed, an AIDS defining illness. People with HIV now have an equivalent life expectancy to HIV negative people.